China to Recruit Talent for College
China is trying to reverse the situation of brain drain, but it seems that these measures were implemented only solve the problem rather than the intrinsic reputation for academic background of this country.
Since the late 1970s, China has focused on sending students to study abroad in an effort to re-education sector after the losses of Mao’s policies have caused institutes and universities. More than 3 million Chinese study abroad. Chinese students account for 1/5 of the total international student population in high-income countries under the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development OECD. More than a quarter of them studying in the United States of America.
However, according to statistics from the Chinese Ministry of Education, only 1/3 of the number of students studying in the country, even this rate can actually lower. The study by a scholar at the Institute for Science and Education of Oak Ridge (USA) conducted this year showed that, as of 2011, 85% of Chinese graduate student has received his doctorate in 2006 in the US still remain thick.
To attract experts in the universities in the country, from the mid-1990s, the Chinese government has initiated a series of programs, such as remuneration policy once (up to 1 million yuan, respectively US $ 160,000 equivalent), promotion, housing subsidies, even as the Gift apartment … Some top universities are building houses for rent or purchase scholars for a discount. But after all these efforts, only two Chinese schools in the top 100 university rankings of the Times Higher Education World. The government has complained about the absence of a Nobel Prize in science. According to David Zweig of the University of Science and Technology of Hong Kong, nearly 75% of Chinese nationals in the program “Talents 1000” did not resign in the host country. Additionally, objects that programs to recruit Chinese scholars abroad mainly targeted the professor has become famous, fullness in the profession, so that the period of work performance and their most creative usually over.
The Chinese universities are also many difficulties in nurturing local talent. According to Mr. Cao Cong University of Nottingham (UK), the promotion of overseas experience in admission criteria has by encouraging young people to the best of China for the years worked hard Most overseas. The proof is that every year more than 300,000 students to study abroad.
In the research, more funding is allocated to the management no expert evaluation of the organization instead of a public and peer-reviewed competition. Mr. Cao said the academic environment in China does not encourage the “mistrust” of the existing theory, especially the theory that the veteran professor – as well as the power management of resources – believe. The evaluation organizations and scientists rely on the figures: scholars for bonuses based on the number of articles published rather than quality, giving researchers dodge interdisciplinary research. Prof. Shi Yigong, Dean of Life Sciences at Tsinghua University in Beijing also said that the current situation after just having “relations” is pleased to be funding or promotion. The government has selected six specific areas of research in science to funding, including nanotechnology, climate change, and stem cells. The officials decided to extent such research will not motivate innovation.
So far, the case is still under recruiting practices are always new students their graduation. Many teachers in the school did not have a doctorate; teachers receive lifetime payroll should also lose motivation rise; the promotion of internal trainers as well as the decision.
Currently began with the more encouraging signs. Some universities, such as Peking University is using international evaluation methods in the recruitment and promotion: the location, the job is advertised publicly and scholars can request a promotion and bonus in accordance with the achievement. This approach, 10 years ago has been the school’s teaching staff react strongly, forcing schools to abandon the plan. China also has more than 2,400 universities and other research establishments, and so far only very few of them can change the way of thinking and doing.