Education: Public Reconcile The Great
Who argue that “education” without desire would be meaningless; Skeptics argue that the task was too much people, as reconciled in the “in” the world is not finished, let alone reconciliation “with” world!
Truthfulness-Compassion-US is a unified whole. Many people think so, not only in ancient times. Historical merits of Kant’s clear distinction three areas. We can merge together in … Last horizon, but not uniformly. Thus we ensure the independence of the Truth (science) and the American (art), not for the Good (morality) and the Good (political, economic …) arbitrarily interrupted! Philosophy German idealism after Kant sought to reunite, on the basis of absorbing achievement of the Kantian critique, an ambitious effort and strong influence on educational thinking.
Philosophy “idealistic” mean very different where the philosophers: Kant, Fichte, Schelling, Hegel. Helferich, in huge projects “history of philosophy from the beginning to the contemporary”, said: “The history of German idealism is struggling through their predecessors. A variety of unique solutions tested and indeed is a spiritual adventure Stock unparalleled logistics “. But they have a common motivation: overcome dualistic thinking and seek a unified principle. As said, human reason is “split into three parts” where Kant: Truthfulness, Compassion, USA (through three popular books Critical of Kant, each book private table on a field) should be merged back. But how do you overcome the “delineate the boundaries” of Kant between subject and object, natural and spiritual, theory and practice?They answer: from the absolute right of a unified principle. Because the whole of human knowledge, too: knowledge is not cumulative job back, which must come from “a” general principle, the only, if not chaotic and inconsistent. However, this principle is what they each also have different perceptions! There are, they share a common desire so intense, that reconciliation between the opposing pair of investment only as between unitary and multi-can, finite and infinite, philosophy and religion, reason and revelation etc … Everyone earnest with the “absolute”, from which each person build a “system” but are strictly personal, consistent, complex and uncompromising.
The queer building systems actually thought not merely for purely philosophical motives. Massive form of each system is a place to nurture and regulatory zeal, pain and indignation life before the political situation, social. Main vibrant context of the times (the Great French Revolution with the consequences and its challenges, as mentioned previously) set out new tasks and essential to the work of “Bildung” (“Education”). Education, in the sense that, no longer is the accumulation of knowledge, but, above all and first of all, bring the interface between the general and the particular in the world of perception and cognition itself, always beyond over themselves to find new forms, in accordance with the freedom and self-determination, towards the universal ideals of truthfulness, compassion, USA. If not carried out, at least, must be thinking and striving.
Step into the modern world by the French Revolution opened, individual human beings stand the test ever. Sticking to the “old society”, with the law of the traditional community (especially in backward Germany), individual people have a safe, warm, friendly, but the narrow, cramped , loss of freedom, not in harmony with the “subjective freedom” under the ideal of autonomy of Kant, and the ideal of life “authentic” by Rousseau to become a unified “concrete” .
Therefore, “Bildung” has the task to restore back the lost unity between the individual and the world (society) at a higher level, ie at the level of unity of freedom and reason. Human beings have been liberated from the old society from now not only use their own reason (Kant) and listen to the voice of his conscience (Rousseau), but also to “reconcile” with the world level higher. Reconciliation “with” the world and history in other words, reconciliation “between” nature and culture, between necessity and freedom, between politics and morality … to achieve unity is high hope or illusion? Supporters argue that “education” (Bildung) without desire would be meaningless; Skeptics argue that the task was too much people, as reconciled in the “in” the world is not finished, let alone reconciliation “with” world, a work would only be for. .. God! Trend skeptics increasingly dominant, but not so that – as the adage says West – Overhead the baby with the bath water!
“Wholeness” as a metaphor
Uniformity (or unitary) associated with wholeness as second postulate philosophy German idealism. Like the previous case, the totality is praised (“the whole is the true”; “the whole is more than the sum of the parts”) and was lampooned (“the whole is the wrong, what is not true “;” the sum of the parts is more than the whole “…). The cynicism is growing, but, in education, many people oppose the unity and wholeness of body, spirit and soul, or of the hands, minds and hearts as educators say Pestalozzi education?
Besides cognitive function, as there is a whole aesthetic requirements and at the same time is driven by the engine morality. Education “whole discussion” requires cultivate a concept “Overall,” the man. Teachers must act interested simultaneous connections and peer between different areas: intellectual, emotional, moral and social behavior. According to this concept, all the one-sided, one-dimensional, isolated in education should give way to a balanced, multi-perspective and multi-dimensional, networked. “Integration instead of segregation and exclusion” is still a fashionable slogan, hardly exist in any official educational agendas of countries and in ad … school every level.
In the post-modern context loudly criticize the extreme right elements, authoritarian idealistic philosophy of Germany, it is quite unexpected and “ironic” that the fragmentation – which is devoted Kant – are gradually blurring. Science and education “motor” before becoming obsolete. Instead, the whole harmony, not shredded and simplified. It says much about the crisis of the Humboldt university model (organized according to the principles of unity and the entire German idealist philosophy), and have the desire to quietly pass the segregation which is characteristics of the era of science and technology today. Who can assert firmly that the idealistic educational philosophy Germany has completely overshadowed and back into the past? An additional aspect of the concept of “Bildung” will contribute to answer “no” to that question…